On Referencing, Citations & MLA

On this page...

It is very important for you to know that information that you use from outside sources must be cited both IN and AFTER the paper. This means you need to offer a work cited list AND parenthetical (sometimes called in-text) citations. We at ISB use the MLA system which means there are rules for you to follow. Many of them are shown below. Take your time to understand how to do this properly.

Introduction to referencing and citations

Straight from the IB

This is a very helpful document that clears up many questions students often have. Toward the end there is checklist...

Effective Citing and Referencing.pdf
Documentation Checklist.pdf
What’s the difference between a bibliography a reference and a citations
Bibliography information sheet
Do I always need to reference

The MLA Style

At ISB we use MLA 9

Did you know?

The MLA system uses in-text citations rather than footnotes or endnotes?

Did you know?

MLA are now on the 8th edition...

Did you know?

It's always best to include the date you accessed the website

The MLA Style Center


Online help for citations and referencing
How to do in-text citations (MLA)
How to cite direct quotations (MLA)
How to do a Works Cited page (MLA)

A model MLA paper

The pdf document to the right presents a model MLA paper with annotations. It should help you see exactly what you have to do.

However please note, it is not perfect for the EE. Do you know why? Because

  1. no personal identifiers (ie your name) should appear on the EE.

  2. Also the EE needs a title page and contents page

Model MLA Paper Formatting.pdf
Source: http://www.easybib.com/guides/how-to-format-a-paper-in-mla8/

The following docs are quick help-sheets for some of the most common referencing needs but more assistance is found at the excellent Monash University website;


You might for example want to know how to reference;

  • Encyclopedias

  • Interviews / Speeches

  • Television / Radio Broadcast

  • Film / Video Recording

  • Live Performances

  • Theses

  • Reviews

  • Government publications

  • Online Communication / Social Media

MLA on indirect sources
How to reference a book using the MLA style
How to reference a website using MLA style
Untitled document
How to reference newspapers using MLA style

Useful and trustworthy videos for MLA8